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When it comes to surgery, podiatrists ensure that all nonsurgical options are exhausted first. A bunion is a bony bump that occurs on the joint at the base of the big toe and can be treated with nonsurgical means. Not all bunions are serious or produce symptoms; however, they can become worse over time without treatment. Treatment options that podiatrists typically consider include roomier and comfortable shoes, bunion pads, and anti-inflammatory medication. Better-fitted shoes will help prevent the bunion from pressing up against the inside of the shoe. Bunion pads also help prevent the bunion from becoming compressed. Anti-inflammatory medication can help reduce inflammation and pain. A cortisone shot may be recommended for longer-lasting relief. If these or other options do not produce results, and the pain is severe, a podiatrist may then recommend surgery to treat the bunion.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact Dr. David Luongo of Westside Podiatric Associates, LLC. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why do Bunions Form?

Genetics – susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can cause bunions to form

How are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Midtown, Manhattan and Paramus, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 31 October 2017 00:00

Preventing Minor Foot Ailments

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Our feet play a pivotal role in our everyday lives. Therefore, it’s important that we take care of them. Here’s a list of some common and generally non-serious foot conditions and how to prevent them. Athlete’s foot is a common fungal infection that can cause the foot to itch, burn, and the skin to develop a scaly rash. Washing your feet daily and avoiding going barefoot in locker rooms and public showers can help prevent athlete’s foot. Ingrown toenails are often caused by ill-fitted footwear or cutting the nails at a curve or too short. They can be prevented by wearing properly fitted shoes and cutting the nails straight across. Plantar fasciitis, a common cause of heel pain, is when the tissue along the bottom of the foot becomes torn or inflamed. Avoid pushing yourself too hard in sports, stretch the foot before you play, and wear shoes that provide good support and cushioning. Finally, sweaty feet, commonly caused by hyperhidrosis, can be uncomfortable to deal with. Washing the feet daily, changing socks frequently, rotating out your shoes, and using foot powder can help mitigate the effects of having sweaty feet. If any of these conditions do not go away or are causing you a lot of pain, it is recommended to see a podiatrist.

Everyday foot care is very important to prevent infection and other foot ailments. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. David Luongo from Westside Podiatric Associates, LLC. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Everyday Foot Care

Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. Without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks.

It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before. For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops. Wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent Athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Midtown, Manhattan and Paramus, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 23 October 2017 00:00

What are Stress Fractures?

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Stress fractures are small hairline fractures in the bone that most often occur from overuse. When the muscles in the body are fatigued, they can become unable to handle repeated shocks to the area. The shock instead transfers to the bone, which can crack. Most often, stress fractures occur in areas of the lower body like the feet and legs. The most common symptom of a stress fracture is pain in the area. If you are experiencing pain in the foot and ankle and think you may have a stress fracture, it is recommended to see a podiatrist. Rest is often the number one method in helping a stress fracture heal. Braces, pain medication, and ice may also be recommended, though not always. To prevent stress fractures, it is advised to start any new athletic activity slowly, gradually work your way up, and stop if you feel pain or have been pushing yourself with little rest.

Activities where too much pressure is put on the feet can cause stress fractures. To learn more, contact Dr. David Luongo from Westside Podiatric Associates, LLC. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep your pain free and on your feet.

Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

Stress fractures occur in the foot and ankle when muscles in these areas weaken from too much or too little use.  The feet and ankles then lose support when walking or running from the impact of the ground. Since there is no protection, the bones receive the full impact of each step. Stress on the feet can cause cracks to form in the bones, thus creating stress fractures.

What are Stress Fractures?

Stress fractures occur frequently in individuals whose daily activities cause great impact on the feet and ankles. Stress factors are most common among:

  • Runners                                  
  • People affected with Osteoporosis
  • Tennis or basketball players
  • Gymnasts
  • High impact workouts

Symptoms

Pain from the fractures occur in the area of the fractures and can be constant or intermittent. It will often cause sharp or dull pain with swelling and tenderness. Engaging in any kind of activity which involves high impact will aggravate pain.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Midtown, Manhattan and Paramus, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Running is a great way to stay healthy and fit, and an important aspect of running is proper footwear. Wearing the right type of footwear can help prevent injury and strain and provide a more enjoyable experience. If you are just starting out as a runner, don’t worry too much about buying expensive, high-end shoes. Instead, look for a pair that is medium-priced, provides comfort, and is roomy. When you wear a pair of shoes that do not provide a proper fit, you risk sustaining a number of injuries such as an ankle sprain or developing foot conditions such as corns, blisters, or plantar fasciitis. Furthermore, a bad pair of running shoes can make running uncomfortable and discourage you from doing it.

If you are a runner, wearing the right running shoe is essential. For more information, contact Dr. David Luongo from Westside Podiatric Associates, LLC. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Choosing the Right Running Shoe for Your Foot Type

To increase performance and avoid the risk of injury, it is important to choose the right running shoe based on your foot type. The general design of running shoes revolves around pronation, which is how the ankle rolls from outside to inside when the foot strikes the ground.

  • Neutral runners are able to choose from a wide variety of shoes, including minimalist shoes or even going barefoot.
  • Runners who overpronate, or experience an over-abundance of ankle rolling, should choose shoes that provide extra motion control and stability.
  • Runners who underpronate, or supinate, have feet that have high arches and lack flexibility, preventing shock absorption. They require shoes with more flexibility and cushion.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Midtown, Manhattan and Paramus, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 09 October 2017 00:00

UCLA Tight End Out for Season From Foot Injury

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University of California Los Angeles Bruins sophomore tight end Caleb Wilson has suffered a foot injury. The injury is said to require surgery and will take him out for the rest of the season. Wilson sustained the injury during the fourth quarter of the Bruins vs Colorado Buffaloes game, in which the Bruins won 27 to 23. Wilson was the team’s second-leading receiver this season, making his injury very unfortunate for the Bruins.
 

Sports related foot and ankle injuries require proper treatment before players can go back to their regular routines. For more information, contact Dr. David Luongo of Westside Podiatric Associates, LLC. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Sports Related Foot and Ankle Injuries

Foot and ankle injuries are a common occurrence when it comes to athletes of any sport. While many athletes dismiss the initial aches and pains, the truth is that ignoring potential foot and ankle injuries can lead to serious problems. As athletes continue to place pressure and strain the area further, a mild injury can turn into something as serious as a rupture and may lead to a permanent disability. There are many factors that contribute to sports related foot and ankle injuries, which include failure to warm up properly, not providing support or wearing bad footwear. Common injuries and conditions athletes face, including:

  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Plantar Fasciosis
  • Achilles Tendinitis
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Ankle Sprains

Sports related injuries are commonly treated using the RICE method. This includes rest, applying ice to the injured area, compression and elevating the ankle. More serious sprains and injuries may require surgery, which could include arthroscopic and reconstructive surgery. Rehabilitation and therapy may also be required in order to get any recovering athlete to become fully functional again. Any unusual aches and pains an athlete sustains must be evaluated by a licensed, reputable medical professional.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Midtown, Manhattan and Paramus, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 03 October 2017 00:00

How to Prevent Falls Among the Elderly

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Elderly Americans are at an increased risk of falling than younger Americans. Falls are a leading cause of injury among the elderly, therefore it is important for older persons to know how to prevent them in the first place. Staying active through exercising is an excellent way to stay flexible, mobile, and strong. There are exercise groups all over the country that help older people stay in shape. Make sure to clear any debris from the floor that can make tripping more likely. Lighting is another important aspect in preventing falls in the home. Installing night lights that turn on automatically in and near the restroom can help prevent falls during late-night bathroom trips. Going to routine check-ups with a doctor is advised as well, and it is important to ask if any prescribed medications can cause drowsiness or lightheadedness. Finally, have one’s eyes and hearing checked regularly to help maintain alertness. Falls pose a unique risk to older citizens, and knowing how to prevent them can make all the difference.

Preventing falls among the elderly is very important. If you are older and have fallen or fear that you are prone to falling, consult with Dr. David Luongo from Westside Podiatric Associates, LLC. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality advice and care.

Every 11 seconds, an elderly American is being treated in an emergency room for a fall related injury. Falls are the leading cause of head and hip injuries for those 65 and older. Due to decreases in strength, balance, senses, and lack of awareness, elderly persons are very susceptible to falling. Thankfully, there are a number of things older persons can do to prevent falls.

How to Prevent Falls

Some effective methods that older persons can do to prevent falls include:

  • Enrolling in strength and balance exercise program to increase balance and strength
  • Periodically having your sight and hearing checked
  • Discuss any medications you have with a doctor to see if it increases the risk of falling
  • Clearing the house of falling hazards and installing devices like grab bars and railings
  • Utilizing a walker or cane
  • Wearing shoes that provide good support and cushioning
  • Talking to family members about falling and increasing awareness

Falling can be a traumatic and embarrassing experience for elderly persons; this can make them less willing to leave the house, and less willing to talk to someone about their fears of falling. Doing such things, however, will increase the likelihood of tripping or losing one’s balance. Knowing the causes of falling and how to prevent them is the best way to mitigate the risk of serious injury.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Midtown, Manhattan and Paramus, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Monday, 25 September 2017 00:00

Taking Care of Your Feet

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Our feet allow us to do so much, yet they are often neglected or overlooked. Therefore it is important for us to take good care of them. Wearing proper footwear is just one of the ways we can take care of our feet. Look for shoes that are comfortable and provide enough room inside. Shoes that are tight or that force the foot into an uncomfortable position, such as heels, can cause a number of health problems such as plantar fasciitis and corns. If you experience sweaty feet, use foot powder and switch socks often to prevent conditions like athlete’s foot or toenail fungus. Washing your feet will keep them clean and also help stave off certain foot ailments. If your feet hurt, giving yourself a massage by rubbing them in circular motions with your hands can help relieve some tension. If pain is constant or chronic, however, see a podiatrist for help. Finally, if you paint your nails, avoid using nail polish and polish remover containing harsh chemicals.

Everyday foot care is very important to prevent infection and other foot ailments. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. David Luongo from Westside Podiatric Associates, LLC. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Everyday Foot Care

Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. Without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks.

It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before. For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops. Wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent Athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Midtown, Manhattan and Paramus, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Every Day Foot Care
Monday, 18 September 2017 00:00

What Causes Black Toenails and What to Do About Them

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Common among runners and other athletes, black or blue toenails are often a sign of damage to the nail. While typically not the most serious of injuries, they should be observed and treated to prevent them from worsening or not healing properly. Discoloration of the nail occurs from blood forming in the toe from trauma. When the nail has sustained enough damage, it may also fall off. While a new nail will develop, it is important to continue observing the toe because fungus or bacteria could grow. Seeing a podiatrist who can determine what is wrong with the toe so they can provide treatment options is recommended. Be sure to check your shoe size as well; making sure your shoes properly fit and provide support and space for your toes can help prevent damage to them in the first place.

For more information about treatment, contact Dr. David Luongo of Westside Podiatric Associates, LLC. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Toenail Fungus Treatment

Toenail fungus is a problem which affects many people and is hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating toenail fungus.

Antibiotics & Treatments 

Lamisil – The most commonly effective treatment for toenail fungus. It is available as an antibiotic: Terbinafine tablet and cream. Terbinafine is a chemical component which kills fungal growth on the body. Applying regular doses will gradually kill the fungal growth. It is important to keep the area clean.

Talcum powder – Applying powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.

Sandals or open toed shoes – Wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well.

Alternative Treatments

There are surgical procedures that are available for toenail fungus. Some people would prefer the immediate and quick removal of toenail fungus through laser surgery. Consult with yOur doctor about the best treatment options for your case of toenail fungus.  

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Midtown, Manhattan and Paramus, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 11 September 2017 00:00

Picking Footwear for Women

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Choosing the right type of footwear for women can be difficult. High heels can exacerbate a number of foot-related issues such as bunions, plantar fasciitis, and ingrown toenails. Flats, on the other hand, don’t provide enough support for the foot. Knowing what to look for in a shoe can save you from a number of foot problems. Throughout the day, your feet tend to increase in size; with this in mind, it is recommended to buy shoes later in the day when the feet are largest. If a pair of shoes you want don’t offer arch support, try orthotic inserts to make them more comfortable and appropriate for your feet. Knowing what shoes to wear for specific occasions is important. Athletic shoes generally provide great comfort and support and are a good choice for everyday activities. When wearing high heels or flats, try not to wear them for more than two hours. Finally, make sure that the shoes you purchase aren’t too pointy for the toes. Shoes that allow the toes to wiggle around are recommended.

Getting the right shoe size is an important part of proper foot health. Seek the assistance of Dr. David Luongo from Westside Podiatric Associates, LLC. Our doctor will provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Getting the Right Shoe Size

There are many people who wear shoes that are the incorrect size, negatively affecting their feet and posture. Selecting the right shoes is not a difficult process, so long as you keep several things in mind when it comes to choosing the right pair.

  • When visiting the shoe store, use the tools available to measure your foot.
  • Be sure there is ‘wiggle room’. There should be about an inch between your toes and the tip of your shoes.
  • Do not always assume you are the same size, as manufacturers run differently.
  • Purchase shoes later in the day, as your feet swell as the day progresses.
  • If a shoe is not comfortable, it is not suitable. Most shoes can’t be ‘broken in’, and comfort should be the ultimate goal when it comes to choosing the right pair of shoes

As our feet hold our body weight and keep us moving, it is important to treat them right. Picking the right pair of shoes can provide your feet comfort and mobility without pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Midtown, Manhattan and Paramus, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 05 September 2017 00:00

Exercises That Help Prevent Running Injuries

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Even when a runner takes precautions, it's not uncommon for them to still suffer an injury. However, do not let this deter you from running. While pre-workout stretching won’t prevent every injury, it is still important to do it. Some exercises that can help prevent running injuries include the partial squat, calf raises, and hip bridges. To do a partial squat, stand on one leg with arms forward for balance. Squat down a little, and then switch legs. This can help prevent knee pain. Calf raises can help prevent tendonitis. To do a calf raise stand on one foot, and bring your heel off the ground while standing on the ball of your foot. Then, come back down and use the other foot. Finally hip bridges can strengthen glutes, which takes pressure off of the feet and ankles when running. To do a hip bridge, lay your upper back on an object while keeping your feet on the ground and your legs bent at a 90 degree angle. Then dip with your pelvic region, and come back up to form a parallel line with the ground using your body. Do each of these 10 times and for 2-3 sets. Remember to ask your podiatrist if running and stretching is right for you.

Exercising your feet regularly with the proper foot wear is a great way to prevent injuries. If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Dr. David Luongo of Westside Podiatric Associates, LLC. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

How to Prevent Running Injuries

Many common running injuries are caused by overuse and overtraining. When the back of the kneecap starts wearing out and starts causing pain in your knee, this is commonly referred to as runner’s knee. Runner’s knee is a decrease in strength in your quadriceps and can occur if you’re not wearing properly fitted or supporting shoes. To prevent runner’s knee, focusing on hip strengthening is a good idea, as well as strengthening your quads to keep the kneecaps aligned.

What Are Some Causes of Running Injuries?
- One cause of a common running injury is called iliotibial band syndrome.
- Plantar fasciitis is also another common injury.
- Stress fractures can occur from overtraining, lack of calcium, or even your running style.

Best Ways to Prevent Running Injuries
- Wear footwear that fits properly and suits your running needs.
- Running shoes are the only protective gear that runners have to safeguard them from injury.
- Make a training schedule. Adding strengthening exercises as well as regular stretching can help keep you strong and limber and can lessen the possibility of injuries.
- Stretching keeps muscles limber; this will help you gain better flexibility.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Midtown, Manhattan and Paramus, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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